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Dietary Modifications To Control NonAlcoholic Fatty Liver Disease
Jun 2017
Mihira A R Khopkar
Dietician And Sports Nutritionist

Understanding NAFLD
Certain levels of fat in the liver are usually considered normal, provided it does not exceed 5-10 per cent of the total liver weight. There are two major types of fatty liver disease - alcoholic and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD).

Although alcoholic fatty liver disease as the name suggests is predominantly due to chronic alcohol consumption, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is a widely growing liver disease, especially noticeable in over-weight and/or obese individuals.

There are other causes too, such as certain medications, viral hepatitis etc. But to control the condition of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, not just proper treatment, but dietary modification too plays an important role.

Patho-Physiology
The liver is one of the most multi-functional organs in the body that carries out the functions of detoxification, glucose balance as well as nutrient storage. Any derangement of processes, may trigger abnormal fat deposition in the liver.

NAFLD involves a spectrum of diseases from steatosis to cirrhosis. It is also associated with increased risk of other diseases like Type 2 diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia etc.

It is often suggested that the imbalance between fat in and fat out, of the liver influenced by environmental factors, especially the diet is the cause of altered glucose, fatty acid metabolism and further inflammation.